Africa contributes simply 4 p.c of worldwide carbon emissions regardless of being the continent that can endure probably the most from local weather change.
African leaders and delegates are meeting in Nairobi, Kenya this week for the continent’s first local weather summit.
The 2023 African Local weather Summit, from September 4 to six and co-hosted by the African Union, will cowl important local weather points dealing with African nations, in addition to local weather finance options and inexperienced development throughout the continent of some 1.4 billion folks.
Africa is the continent most vulnerable to the consequences of local weather change. In keeping with the Worldwide Rescue Committee, out of the ten international locations most susceptible to local weather catastrophe, seven are in Africa.
How a lot does Africa contribute to world emissions?
Carbon dioxide (CO2), the predominant greenhouse gasoline, is emitted from the combustion of fossil fuels like oil, coal, and gasoline, in addition to from deforestation and cement manufacturing.
CO2 emissions contribute to the rise in world floor temperatures, resulting in unpredictable climate situations corresponding to drought, floods, heatwaves and tropical cyclones.
In 2021, some 37.12 billion tonnes of CO2 was emitted throughout the globe. In keeping with Oxfam, the richest 10 p.c of the world’s inhabitants is answerable for greater than half of all carbon emissions.
Africa’s carbon emissions are dwarfed by the emissions of different continents. At 11.47 billion tonnes, China is the world’s largest polluter, adopted by the USA (5 billion tonnes), India (2.7 billion tonnes), Russia (1.75 billion tonnes) and Japan (1.07 billion tonnes).
Comprising about 17 p.c of the world’s inhabitants, Africa contributes simply 4 p.c of worldwide carbon emissions at 1.45 billion tonnes.
On a per capita foundation, Africa has the bottom emissions out of all continents with a mean of 1 tonne of CO2 emitted yearly by every particular person, adopted by South America (2.5 tonnes), Asia (4.6 tonnes), Europe (7.1 tonnes), Oceania (10 tonnes) and North America (10.3 tonnes).
To place that in perspective, a mean American or Australian emits as a lot CO2 in a month as a person in Africa does in a yr.
Which international locations are Africa’s main carbon emitters?
Inside Africa, greater than 60 p.c of the continent’s carbon emissions are produced by simply three international locations – South Africa, contributing 435.9 million tonnes, Egypt, with 249.6 million tonnes, and Algeria, answerable for 176.2 million tonnes.
South Africa is among the world’s most coal-dependent international locations, with almost 85 p.c of its CO2 emissions coming from coal.
On a per capita foundation, oil-producing nation Libya has the continent’s highest CO2 emissions.
Conversely, lots of the poorest international locations throughout sub-Saharan Africa – such because the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Somalia and the Central African Republic – have the bottom common CO2 footprints at about 0.1 tonnes per yr.
The desk beneath gives a breakdown of whole carbon emissions and CO2 emissions per capita for every African nation. Use the search bar to search out your nation.